Black Hills Knowledge Netowork

December 5, 2014

Sioux Falls Metro Boasts SD's Lowest Housing Cost Burden

The housing cost burden in the Sioux Falls metro area is lower than South Dakota's two other metro areas - Rapid City and Sioux City - and is lower than the state as a whole, according to data recently updated by the U.S. Census Bureau. The Rapid City metro area exceeds the statewide average. 

A bit more than 31 percent of households in the Rapid City metro area (Pennington, Meade and Custer counties) were considered burdened by housing costs in 2013, meaning those households pay more than 30 percent of their income for rent or mortgage plus real estate taxes, utilities and other related housing expenses. This compares to rates of 22.4 percent in the Sioux Falls metro area (Lincoln, McCook, Minnehaha, and Turner counties), 23.5 percent for the Sioux City metro area (Union County plus four counties in Iowa and Nebraska) and 24.1 percent for the state of South Dakota as a whole. 


More than 73 percent of households statewide earning less than $20,000 per year are burdened by housing costs, while 2.9 percent of households earning more than $75,000 per year are so burdened. For households earning between $20,000 and $35,000, more than 39 percent are burdened. For those earning between $35,000 and $50,000, the rate is more than 19 percent, and it is a bit more than 6 percent for those earning between $50,000 and $75,000. 

Nearly 38 percent of households headed by someone age 24 or younger in South Dakota are burdened by housing costs.  The rate ranges between 22 percent and 25 percent for other age groups. 

For renters, the rate of being burdened by housing costs is more than twice the rate for homeowners, with nearly 40 percent of renters being burdened compared to slightly more than 17 percent for homeowners. 

For many households, the burden of housing costs exceeds 50 percent. In 2013, 9.2 percent of South Dakota households paid more than half their income for housing and related costs. That is the lowest rate since at least 2006. The rate swung between 9.5 percent and 10.5 percent between 2006 and 2012. 

Find more breakdowns for statewide housing cost burden on the South Dakota Dashboard. The interactive charts can be exported in several formats and are free to use.  

At the county level, the top five least burdened counties for housing are all rural. 

No. 1 Lyman County 12.7 %
No. 2 Jackson County 12.8 %
No. 3 Kingsbury County 14.6 %
No. 4 Hyde County 14.7 %
No. 5 Sanborn County 14.7 %

The top five South Dakota counties for highest rate of housing cost burden are either in the Black Hills or home to a university. 

No. 1 Clay County 32.7 %
No.2  Meade County 31.4 %
No. 3 Lawrence County 30.9 %
No. 4 Pennington County 30.4 %
No. 5 Brookings County 29.5 %

Among South Dakota's 27 most populous municipalities, four of the five least burdened cities are in the state's southeastern corner. 

No. 1 Canton 17.3 %
No. 2 North Sioux City 18.5 %
No. 3 Harrisburg 19.1 %
No. 4 Milbank 23.2 %
No. 5 Dell Rapids 23.4 %

The top five South Dakota cities for highest rate of housing cost burden are either in the Black Hills or home to a university.

No. 1 Sturgis 39.1 %
No. 2 Vermillion 37.3 %
No. 3 Hot Springs 35.5 %
No. 4 Spearfish 34.8 %
No. 5 Brookings 33.7 %

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