The Deep Undergroud Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) planned for the underground Sanford Lab in Lead will be the largest of its kind, so large that a prototype recently began testing the methods scientists plan to employ on the real thing, reports Fermilab.
Fermilab is one of several partners in an international collaboration on the experiment, which will involve shooting a beam of neutrinos from Fermilab in Illinois to a detector filled with 70,000 tons of liquid argon in the Sanford Lab. The argon emits light and electrons when cosmic rays pass through it, and scientists can measure which types of particles have moved through the detector.
Scientists will use the prototype at Fermilab to test components before using them in the full-sized detector.
DUNE will tackle some of the biggest unsolved questions in physics. It will help find out whether neutrinos are the reason our matter-filled universe exists, watch for the formation of a black hole in a nearby galaxy, and search for signs of proton decay, bringing humanity closer to realizing Einstein’s dream of a unified theory of matter and energy.
Read more about the Sanford Lab on the Black Hills Knowledge Network.