October 31 marked the 75th anniversary of the completion of Mount Rushmore, as reported by TIME Magazine. Although the monument did not resemble sculptor Gutzon Borglum’s original model at the time of completion, the monument was still declared finished as it was clear national resources would soon be directed toward World War II.
Mount Rushmore took a total of 14 years to complete. When the project commenced in 1927, President Calvin Coolidge officially dedicated the monument. Individual dedications of each president followed in later years.
Known as "the Shrine of Democracy," the monument has attracted millions of visitors each year. It has also been a focal point for controversy and debate at times. Gutzon Borglum was a known member of the Ku Klux Klan, while American Indians have taken issue with the desecration of sacred land that was unlawfully stolen by the government.
To read more recent news about Mount Rushmore, visit the Black Hills Knowledge Network’s online news archive. If you'd like to view more historical photos of Mount Rushmore, visit the Black Hills Knowledge Network's digital archives.
You can learn more about President Coolidge’s visit to the Black Hills at the Black Hills Knowledge Network’s Calvin Coolidge Exhibit.