After the first Deadwood Gulch gold claims were made by a group of nine men on Nov. 9, 1875, in the area that is now Central City, the gulch boomed with mining activity. Two individuals from that group of nine built cabins, the first structures in what would become Central City, according to the South Dakota Historical Society.
In 1876, gold production in Deadwood Gulch hit 1.5 million ounces and the population reached 5,000. On Jan. 20, 1877, a public meeting was held among a group of mining settlements to formally create a town. I.V. Skidmore, a former resident of Central City, Colo., persuaded the group to name the new town Central City. Other camps in the gulch, including Gayville, South Bend, Anchor City, Golden Gate, Blacktail and Go To Hell Gulch, were later incorporated into Central City.
In June, the Central City post office opened, and that summer the town situated between Deadwood and Lead had about 3,000 residents. The town kept up with its neighbors for Wild West antics.
"A wild and wicked city, gunfights and street brawls were common occurrences," according to the South Dakota Historical Society. (See document attached to this post.)
The 2010 Census showed 134 people living in Central City, down from 149 in 2000.