American Indians account for a growing percentage of South Dakota’s population, especially West River and in the counties that make up the Black Hills region. Data from the U.S. Census, which is sometimes challenged by tribal officials, shows that the rate of increase in American Indians’ share of the total population has slowed in recent years. Nevertheless, given the high percentage of Native youth in key counties west of the Missouri River, the Native share of total population is likely to continue to rise.
The Statewide Picture
As South Dakota's largest racial minority, Native Americans increased their share of the state’s population from 8.3 percent in 2000 to 8.9 percent in 2013. Meanwhile, the total number of American Indians in the state, as estimated by the government, rose from 62,283 to 75,233.
These changes follow a steady increase during the 1990s in the population of Native Americans under age 18 in South Dakota when the population of Native youth rose from 23,489 (11.8 percent) in 1990 to 27,804 (13.7 percent) in 2000. Although the Native youth population continued to grow after 2000, reaching 29,414 (14.1 percent) in 2013, the growth rate slowed. The overall percentage of Native Americans is poised to make bigger gains in the future because individuals under 18 still represent a higher percentage of South Dakota’s population than all Native Americans.
Native Americans in the Black Hills
In the Black Hills region, the growth of the Native American population has also been significant. Since 2000, the number of American Indians in the seven counties between Butte and Shannon counties has grown from 20,704 to 25,917. As a percentage of the total population, the Native American share rose from 12.1 percent to 13.1 percent. In Pennington County, particularly, nearly one in ten residents, and nearly one in six youth, was American Indian in 2013. (See the table below.)
Shannon County's total population has increased, and so has the number of American Indians, from 11,743 in 2000 to 13,114 in 2013. But while the total population has been on the rise, the share of Native Americans has dropped from 96.1 percent in 2010 to an estimated 92.9 percent in 2013.
Rapid City’s Population of Color
Rapid City is home to the greatest population of American Indians living away from the reservations. In 2010, American Indians accounted for 12.4 percent of the city’s population.
The two tables below provide county-level details in the Black Hills region for both Native Americans and all people of color. Find more data breakdowns in the sortable, exportable charts on the Demographics page of the South Dakota Dashboard.
Native Population By County
|2000 POPULATION||2013 PERCENT|| 2013 POPULATION
Persons Of Color Population By County
|COUNTY||2000 PERCENT||2000 POPULATION||2013 PERCENT||2013 POPULATION|
About The Series
The Black Hills Knowledge Network's Native Data Series examines what the available data shows about Native Americans living in the Black Hills region of South Dakota. As the state's and region's largest racial minority, the data often shows distinct differences from the white majority in some categories, while in other categories the data shows close similarities. This series seeks to examine both situations so we all can better understand, respond to and plan for decisions that would affect Natives and non-Natives alike.