Black Hills Knowledge Netowork

The Indian Health Service operates a hospital in Pine Ridge.
The Indian Health Service operates a hospital in Pine Ridge.
Black Hill Knowledge Network photo/Chelsea Gortmaker

Pine Ridge Indian Reservation - Health & Wellness

Pine Ridge Indian Reservation - Health & Wellness

Oglala Lakota County ranks 59th out of 60 counties in South Dakota for overall health outcomes in 2016.

Forty-one percent of Oglala Lakota County smokes, compared to 19 percent statewide and 14 percent nationwide. 

Obesity impacts nearly half of all adults in Oglala Lakota County. At 45 percent, adult obesity rates in Oglala Lakota County are 20 percent higher than rates of adult obesity nationally and 15 percent higher than statewide rates. Only two percent of adults reported having access to exercise opportunities and 24 percent reported no time for physical activity during leisure time.

The teen birth rate in Oglala Lakota County is very high, with 110 per every 1,000 females ages 15-19. South Dakota's rate average rate is 36 per 1,000 females and the national rate is 19 per 1,000 females. 

Half the children of Shannon County live in poverty. This is over 30 percent higher than the state average and almost 40 percent higher than the national average.

Transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are prevalent in Oglala Lakota County. Per every 100,000 people in Oglala Lakota 2,653.1 are diagnosed with chlamydia. This instance rate is much higher than the state and national rates of 471.2 and 134.1, respectively.

Premature deaths in Oglala Lakota County is a staggering 23,900 per 100,000 people. Compared to the state and national average of 6,712 and 5,317 respectively.

In Oglala Lakota County, 33 percent of residents report poor or fair health, 20 percent more than the average in South Dakota. The amount of poor physical and mental health days is much higher than the state and national averages. 

For the full list of factors and to compare Oglala County data to other counties, visit the site created by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin.

County-level health statistics are also available from the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. 

Healthcare Facilities

The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation has an Indian Health Service hospital, located in Pine Ridge. The 45-bed hospital has a staff of 16 physicians who treat patients in the area of obstetrics, pediatrics and surgery. The facility also provides dental care.

Under the umbrella of the main IHS hospital are two health centers in Kyle and Wanblee. The Kyle Health Center is an outpatient facility that offers optometric, laboratory, radiologic and dental services services. The Wanblee Health Center provides dental and primary care. Three “health stations” operate in Allen, Manderson and Porcupine.

Located in the IHS hospital, but not part of the system, is a specialty clinic called the Pine Ridge Regional Medical Clinic. The clinic is part of Regional Health system based in Rapid City. The goal of the clinic is to reduce emergency department visits by offering preventative care and management. The clinic offers services in such specialties as cardiology, endocrinology, nephrology, transition care and wellness.

The Veterans Administration Black Hills Health Care System is located next door to the IHS hospital in Pine Ridge. The facility provides care to veterans in the Pine Ridge area. Behavioral Health services are also provided.

See more information about health in Oglala Lakota County:

More Information

For more data on the health and wellness of the citizens of South Dakota and the Black Hills, please check out our interactive graphs and charts.

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